# KI UNIQUE REASONING ABILITY

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## KI UNIQUE REASONING ABILITY

This section contains 40 questions which are to be answered in 30 minutes. Reasoning in MAT can be categorized in 2 ways:

1. General Reasoning
2. Logical reasoning

### GENERAL REASONING

Reasoning checks the mental skills of an examinee in a calculative way.

BASIC TIPS

1. Reasoning section requires thorough practice of all types of questions.
2. Reasoning skills can be improved by solving puzzles.
3. Like many other MBA Entrance exams, MAT also follows old GRE books. It will be a good idea to study from these or some old question papers of MAT.

SPECIFIC TIPS

1. Remember that Blood Relationship, direct sense and puzzle are most frequent questions that come under general reasoning.
2. Since there are no fixed formulae to tackle them, the scores depend on how much you are familiar with myriad of questioning patterns.

### LOGICAL REASONING

1. Study the information correctly and then interpret it accordingly. Find the reason behind each statement and interpret it in the correct way.
2. No assumptions should be made by the examiner himself. Remember the information given is the only information in hand and the examinee is required to base his opinion on the information available only.
3. Read both the factual passage and the sentence completion instruction carefully. Both must be considered in making your choice.
4. Be sure to read all the response choices carefully before choosing one.
5. In questions that ask you to select a valid conclusion, always choose the one conclusion that must definitely follow the information you are given. In questions that ask you to find the invalid alternative, choose the one conclusion that does not definitely follow the information.
6. Pay special attention to words like "all," "some," or "none" when you read the factual information each question gives you. Other qualifying words such as "other than," "only" or "unless" are important, too. These words can play a critical part in precisely specifying the facts to be used in your reasoning.
7. Pay attention to negative prefixes also, such as non-, un-, or dis-. These can be crucial to specifying the basic facts in the paragraph.
8. "Test-taking" courses or your college instructors may have advised you to avoid any response choices that contain the quantifiers "all" or "none. They will appear in both correct and incorrect response choices.
9. Pay close attention to the word "ONLY" and to the phrase "IF AND ONLY IF." Saying "The door will open IF AND ONLY IF both keys are used" sets up a highly specific condition that must be met. There is exactly one way to open the door-you must use both keys. By contrast, if the sentence says, "The door will open if the key is used," there may be several ways to open the door besides by using the key.
10. The questions in the assessment will vary in difficulty level, and difficult questions will be mixed in with easier ones throughout the assessment. When you encounter a question that is difficult for you, try drawing diagrams or other schematic notes on the "scratch" paper provided to support and confirm your thought processes. Also, bear in mind that you can stop working on a difficult question temporarily and return to it later.

### EXAMPLE:

Question: Mr. Doubt fire has a unique way of attempting the question paper having 50 Qs. He starts from question 1 and attempts all questions which are terms of the A. P with a common difference of 3 in the forward direction and 3 in the reverse direction. If he reaches a stage when he cannot attempt any more question he starts in the reverse direction with the first unanswered question. He repeats the same process and when he reaches a stage when he cannot process any further, he reverses his direction again starting with the first unanswered question.

1. Which is the 20th question he answers?
(A) 50
(B) 48
(C) 47
(D) 44

2. Which is the last question that he answers if he attempts all the 50 questions?
(A) 50
(B) 49
(C) 48
(D) 3

3. How many times does he reverse his direction?
(A) 3
(B) 4
(C) 5
(D) 6

(1) D
(2) B
(3) A

Question: Each question has a statement/passage followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and Ill. A conclusion is something that can be inferred from the statement/ passage given. You have to decide whether the conclusion/s is/are implicit in the statement/passage. Now, in the summer of 2000, it took Jon, who is not an archaeologist; to distract me from the technical aspects of my trade.

I. Jon is the author's friend.
II. The author is an archaeologist.
III. The author's work involves trading.
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Only III
D. I and II
E. None of these